A callus is thick, raised layer of hard skin that develops as a defense mechanism against frequent rubbing or pressure. The condition tends to occur most often around bones on the hands or feet. A heel callus can be due to bone structure of the foot or incorrectly fitting footwear.
A heel callus can vary depending on the severity. A minor callus is patch of dead skin which can more easily handle pressure. The callus will appear a different color from the normal skin and have a much harder texture that will not flake off like normal skin. It can be a small area of the heel or expand across the entire bottom of the heel. Callus can feel tender or very painful.
A heel callus can form from shoes, socks, or hosiery that does not fit correctly. The heel either moves too much inside a loose shoe or chafe against the bottom of a shoe that is too tight. High heels or shoes with tight, pointy toes often cause calluses. Heel calluses can occur in people with flat feet, people with high arches, and or the foot absorbing the impact from excess weight.
Diabetes often causes calluses due to the changes in skin tissues and lack of sensation caused by nerve damage. A callus can begin to hurt with continued walking and a person will seek medical attention. But some people cannot feel the pain and continue to put weight on a callus. The tissue can ulcerate if left untreated. Any signs of redness or blistering in a callus is observed, contact a podiatrist. Other medical conditions that cause calluses include psoriasis, warts, and some skin infections and skin disorders.
Heel calluses are not dangerous on their own. An improperly removed callus can result in severe cuts, which can lead to infection. Using a rough or sharp tool is not recommended. Using a callus removal cram and gentle callus block will give the best and longest lasting results. The reason for this is that the skins only defense to trauma is to create more dead skin. A regular pedicure, and good foot grooming habits will keep mild to moderate callus in check. For more severe calluses, going to a podiatrist is greatly advised. To prevent a callus from coming back, presser on the area must be addressed.
A gel heel pad can help reduce heel calluses. Getting your feet evaluated for proper fitting shoes should be done about every 3 to 4 years. Our bodies change overtime and so does our joints. Feet can change in size and shave due to age, weight gain or loss, the loosening of joints, etc…